We are completing the tenth (!) annual Summer Institute of Civic Studies, which revolves around the three schools of civic theory outlined below. (Each “school” encompasses diverse views and criticisms.) Today we talked about what these theories would mean for civic education at various levels and in several nations.
I certainly don’t advocate assigning The Theory of Communicative Action vols. 1-2, Governing the Commons, or Hind Swaraj in an 8th grade civics class. But we might involve 8th graders in managing common resources, incorporate them in the public sphere by inviting them to join public deliberations, and ask them to develop strategies for addressing power disparities at the human level. Indeed, we do all these things, but they tend to be somewhat marginal in civics curricula around the world, which focus much more on the state, the law, and the citizen in relation to those.
|The Bloomington School of Political Economy (Elinor Ostrom et al)||The Frankfurt School in its second generation (Jurgen Habermas et al)||Nonviolent social movements (Gandhi/King)|
|Fundamental problem||People fail to achieve what would be good for them collectively||People manipulate other people by influencing their opinions and goals||People fail to view others (or themselves) as fully human|
|Characteristic starting point||People know what they want but can’t get it||People don’t know what they want or want the wrong things||Some people won’t recognize other people as fellow citizens|
|Prominent example of failure||We destroy an environmental asset by failing to work together||Government or corporate propaganda distorts our authentic values||One national or ethnic group exploits another|
|Essential behavior of a citizen||Working together to make or preserve something.||Talking and listening about controversial values.||Using nonviolent sacrifice to compel change|
|Instead of homo economicus (the individual who maximizes material self-interest) we need …||Homo faber (the person as a maker)||Homo sapiens (the person as a reasoner) or homo politicus (the participant in public assemblies)||A satyagrahi (the person as a bearer of soul force)|
|Role of the state||A set of nested and overlapping associations, not fundamentally different from other associations (firms, nonprofits, etc.)||Citizens form public opinion, which should guide the state, which makes law. The state should be radically distinct from other sectors||A target of demands|
|Modernity is …||A threat to local and traditional ways of cooperating, but we can use science to assist people in solving their own problems||A process of enlightenment that liberates people, but it goes wrong when states and markets “colonize” the private domain||For Gandhi: An imperialist imposition, undermining swaraj|
|How facts and values are combined||Not explicitly. Implicitly by using research on collective action to liberate people for reflective self-government||By proposing counterfactual ideals such as “the ideal speech situation” and diagnosing the reasons these are not met||Through “experiments in living”
In a prophetic mode
|Main interdisciplinary combination||Game theory plus observations of indigenous problem-solving||Normative philosophy (mainly achieved through critical readings of past philosophers) plus system-level sociology||Critical theology plus military strategy|
Over the last couple years, NCDD has been working to grow and strengthen the partnership between the D&D and journalism fields (which you can learn about from our NCDD2016 conf panel, our D&D-journalism podcast, and Confab call). Journalism is vital to both a functioning democracy and the engagement field – because without journalists, the important stories from the community don’t get shared in the same way and thus have a less powerful impact. We have been especially excited for efforts around engaged journalism, which is why we wanted to share the recent announcement from the Democracy Fund – an NCDD2018 conference sponsor org, about their Engaged Journalism Lab, a resource for audience-driven journalism. You can read the article written by Josh Stearns below and find the original on the Democracy Fund’s Medium site here.
Welcome to the Democracy Fund Engaged Journalism Lab
The ability of journalism to serve as our Fourth Estate — to be a check and balance on government and powerful interests — is under increasing threat. Journalism today faces multiple challenges: a faltering business model with shrinking resources; a political environment in which they find themselves under attack; and a climate of deep distrust by the American people.
In a 2017 survey, the Poynter Institute, a Democracy Fund grantee, found that only 49% of Americans have a great deal or a fair amount of trust in the media. We believe this distrust is connected to another problem: journalism’s lack of deep engagement with its audiences, exacerbated by news organizations whose staff and coverage do not represent the communities they serve.
At Democracy Fund, one of our goals is to ensure that every American citizen has access to audience-centered, trusted, resilient journalism. To meet this goal, we are working to build a media landscape that truly serves the public interest.Through our Public Square Program, we support projects and organizations that enable newsrooms to build meaningful, trusted relationships with their communities through audience-driven storytelling, inclusion, and transparency. We call this work “Engaged Journalism,” and have seen firsthand how practical investments in these organizations and ideas can have a transformative effect on newsrooms.
As a part of this effort, we’re re-launching this Medium publication as the Democracy Fund Engaged Journalism Lab. The Engaged Journalism Lab will focus, not on how to get a grant from Democracy Fund, but rather on what our grantees and partners are doing and learning. We’ll also discuss the big ideas shaping the field and shine a spotlight on the people helping to make journalism more inclusive and engaged with its community. We hope it will serve as a resource for those working at the intersection of media and democracy.
The Local News Lab’s work exploring bold ideas for the future of local news continues at LocalNewsLab.org and through the weekly Local Fix newsletter. And you can find out more about Democracy Fund, a bipartisan foundation created by eBay founder and philanthropist Pierre Omidyar to ensure our political system is able to withstand new challenges and deliver on its promise to the American people, at democracyfund.org.
Managed by Paul Waters and Lea Trusty, the Engaged Journalism Lab will feature content on a variety of subjects, including how newsrooms can better:
- Engage their communities in content generation, production, dissemination, and discussion;
- Address issues of diversity, equity, and inclusion within journalism through inclusive newsroom policies and practices, including recruiting, retaining, and promoting diverse staff and supporting minority ownership of independent media properties;
- Experiment with new tools and technology that aim to help the public and news distribution platforms identify quality, trusted news; and
- Rebuild and fortify trust between the media and Americans.
We recognize that these are not small goals — and we know we can’t do it alone. Democracy Fund believes that collaboration is the only way we can begin to solve journalism’s most pressing challenges, and as a systems change organization, we are committed to learning, iterating, and partnering in ways that strengthen both our work and the field at large.
It is our hope the Democracy Fund Engaged Journalism Lab becomes a place to highlight new ideas and uncover new solutions that we haven’t thought of yet. If you have a question or a thought, please share it. If there’s an idea or project that we should know about, please let us know. You can reach us at EJLab[at]democracyfund[dot]org. We don’t pretend to have all answers to journalism’s problems, but we hope this will be a place where we can work through some of the questions together.
You can find the original version from Democracy Fund on their Medium site at www.medium.com/the-engaged-journalism-lab/welcome-to-the-democracy-fund-engaged-journalism-lab-95e56a5bc08a